Quasiparticle Injection Superconducting Devices With Magnetic Impurites
Original Publication Date: 1989-Jul-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Jan-30
The introduction of magnetic impurities reduces the operating power and increases the speed of a device that is switched from a superconducting to a normal state by quasiparticle injection. Quasiparticle injection into a superconductor will produce a superconductor-to-normal metal transition. This mechanism can be used to switch three-terminal superconducting devices. For the device to return to the original superconducting state, the injected power must be dissipated as heat. The magnitude of the quasiparticle injection current affects the operating power and speed of the device. A low operating power and high speed are desirable to make such devices suitable for integrated circuit applications and can only be obtained with low injection currents. Power input, however, from quasiparticle injection is usually high.