Trapped Soliton Precision Clock
Original Publication Date: 1987-Jan-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Jan-31
This article relates generally to a timing circuit and, more particularly, to such a circuit controlled by a trapped soliton to control an oscillator. Precision clocking can be accomplished through the use of a trapped soliton in a cryostat to phase lock an oscillator and achieve an accuracy of one part in ten raised to the 12th power. A soliton, a quantum of magnetic flux, can be trapped in an annular Josephson junction 1 of metal base electrode 2 and counter electrode 3 under suitable conditions. This occurs when the ring is first cooled through the superconducting transition temperature of the electrodes, and the soliton moves around the ring 1 at a velocity approach ing the speed of light in the tunnel junction barrier. The rotating soliton can be used for phase locking a timing circuit. In Fig.