The following operators can be used to better focus your queries.
( ) , AND, OR, NOT, W/#
? single char wildcard, not at start
* multi char wildcard, not at start
(Cat? OR feline) AND NOT dog?
Cat? W/5 behavior
(Cat? OR feline) AND traits
Cat AND charact*
This guide provides a more detailed description of the syntax that is supported along with examples.
This search box also supports the look-up of an IP.com Digital Signature (also referred to as Fingerprint); enter the 72-, 48-, or 32-character code to retrieve details of the associated file or submission.
Concept Search - What can I type?
For a concept search, you can enter phrases, sentences, or full paragraphs in English. For example, copy and paste the abstract of a patent application or paragraphs from an article.
Concept search eliminates the need for complex Boolean syntax to inform retrieval. Our Semantic Gist engine uses advanced cognitive semantic analysis to extract the meaning of data. This reduces the chances of missing valuable information, that may result from traditional keyword searching.
A method which causes left handed ( Chi(-)) and right handed (Chi(-)) pure-chirality bubbles to propagate in opposite directions provides a means of discriminating between these wall states.
English (United States)
This text was extracted from a PDF file.
At least one non-text object (such as an image or picture) has been suppressed.
100% of the total text.
Page 1 of 2
Discrimination Between Right And Left Handed Bubbles Of Pure Chirality
A method which causes left handed ( Chi(-)) and right handed (Chi(-)) pure-
chirality bubbles to propagate in opposite directions provides a means of
discriminating between these wall states.
As shown in Fig. 1, the bias field plses 10 that are applied to
expand or contract the bubbles should be square. The bias field
pulses exceed the material coercivity, but are smaller than the
chirality switching threshold and are of the order of 9 Oe. The
waveform 12 of the inplane field (H(IP)) is not critical as long as
it varies smoothly, for example, as with the standard rotating field.
The H(IP) is small enough to avoid nucleation of vertical Bloch
lines and is of the order of 25 Oe.
Figs. 2A, B, C and D show successive times at which the square bias field
steps are applied to expand or contract the bubble. The pre-bias pulse bubble is
shown as a dashed circle in each case. Time D in Fig. 2 shows that a Chi(+)
bubble has moved to the right a given distance after four pulses, whereas a
Chi(-) bubble has moved to the left.
Page 2 of 2
[This page contains 3 pictures or other non-text objects]