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Micromachined Alkali-Atom Vapor Cells and Method of Microfabrication

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000130467D
Original Publication Date: 2005-Oct-24
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-24

Publishing Venue

National Institute of Standards and Technology

Related People

Leo Hollberg John Kitching Svenja Knappe John Moreland Hugh Robinson Volodja Velichanski Li-Anne Liew


Atomic clocks are utilized in various systems which require extremely accurate and stable frequencies, such as in bistatic radars, GPS (global positioning system) and other navigation and positioning systems. Atomic clocks are also used in communications systems, cellular phone systems and for conducting various types of scientific experiments.