Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE): A Protocol for Network Address Translator (NAT) Traversal for Offer/Answer Protocols (RFC5245)
Original Publication Date: 2010-Apr-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2010-Apr-30
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
RFC 3264 [RFC3264] defines a two-phase exchange of Session Description Protocol (SDP) messages [RFC4566] for the purposes of establishment of multimedia sessions. This offer/answer mechanism is used by protocols such as the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) [RFC3261].
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) J. Rosenberg Request for Comments: 5245 jdrosen.net Obsoletes: 4091, 4092 April 2010 Category: Standards Track ISSN: 2070-1721
Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE): A Protocol for Network Address Translator (NAT) Traversal for Offer/Answer Protocols
This document describes a protocol for Network Address Translator (NAT) traversal for UDP-based multimedia sessions established with the offer/answer model. This protocol is called Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE). ICE makes use of the Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) protocol and its extension, Traversal Using Relay NAT (TURN). ICE can be used by any protocol utilizing the offer/answer model, such as the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP).
Status of This Memo
This is an Internet Standards Track document.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.
Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5245.
Rosenberg Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 5245 ICE April 2010
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Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2. Overview of ICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1. Gathering Candidate Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.2. Connectivity Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....