Rapid Synchronisation of RTP Flows (RFC6051)
Original Publication Date: 2010-Nov-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2010-Nov-08
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
C. Perkins: AUTHOR [+2]
When using RTP to deliver multimedia content it's often necessary to synchronise playout of audio and video components of a presentation. This is achieved using information contained in RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) sender report (SR) packets [RFC3550]. These are sent periodically, and the components of a multimedia session cannot be synchronised until sufficient RTCP SR packets have been received for each RTP flow to allow the receiver to establish mappings between the media clock used for each RTP flow, and the common (NTP-format) reference clock used to establish synchronisation.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) C. Perkins Request for Comments: 6051 University of Glasgow Updates: 3550 T. Schierl Category: Standards Track Fraunhofer HHI ISSN: 2070-1721 November 2010
Rapid Synchronisation of RTP Flows
This memo outlines how RTP sessions are synchronised, and discusses how rapidly such synchronisation can occur. We show that most RTP sessions can be synchronised immediately, but that the use of video switching multipoint conference units (MCUs) or large source-specific multicast (SSM) groups can greatly increase the synchronisation delay. This increase in delay can be unacceptable to some applications that use layered and/or multi-description codecs.
This memo introduces three mechanisms to reduce the synchronisation delay for such sessions. First, it updates the RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) timing rules to reduce the initial synchronisation delay for SSM sessions. Second, a new feedback packet is defined for use with the extended RTP profile for RTCP-based feedback (RTP/AVPF), allowing video switching MCUs to rapidly request resynchronisation. Finally, new RTP header extensions are defined to allow rapid synchronisation of late joiners, and guarantee correct timestamp-based decoding order recovery for layered codecs in the presence of clock skew.
Status of This Memo
This is an Internet Standards Track document.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.
Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6051.
Schierl Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 6051 RTP Synchronisation November 2010
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