Integration of Ion Transport Membrane Systems with Integrated Complexes, Including LNG, GTL, CTL, Petrochemicals, Power Generation, and Utility Islands
Publication Date: 2011-Apr-21
The IP.com Prior Art Database
Including LNG, GTL, CTL, Petrochemicals, Power Generation, and Utility Islands
Processes and devices utilizing solid-state mixed conductive membranes for producing oxygen or conducting reforming and partial oxidation reactions are emerging technologies. Examples of these technologies include Ion Transport Membrane (ITM) technologies, ITM Syngas and ITM Oxygen. The following references, and references contained therein, provide background on these developing technologies:
- “ITM Syngas: Ceramic Membrane Technology for Lower Cost Conversion of Natural Gas”, John M. Repasky*, William E. Waldron, Christopher F. Miller, Michael F. Carolan, David W. Studer (Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.), Clifford M. Lowe, Karl F. Gerdes (Chevron Energy Technology Company), Joris Smit, and Berthold Bremen (Sasol Technology (Pty) Ltd), AIChE Spring National Meeting, San Antonio, TX, www.IP.com IPCOM000193145D, 21-25 March 2010.
- “Process and Method for Heating an Oxygen-Containing Feed Stream to an Ion Transport Membrane System”, John M. Repasky, www.IP.com IPCOM000183831D, 2 Jun 2009.
- “Ceramic and Coal: ITM Oxygen for Power Generation with Reduced CO2-Emissions”, John M. Repasky*, VanEric E. Stein, and Phillip A. Armstrong, AIChE Spring National Meeting, Tampa, FL, www.IP.com IPCOM000183765D, 26-30 Apr 2009.
- “ITM Syngas: Ceramic Membrane Technology for Lower Cost Conversion of Natural Gas”, John M. Repasky*, Christopher M. Chen, Michael F. Carolan, Douglas L. Bennett (Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.) and Clifford M. Lowe, Sandra L. Anderson, Karl F. Gerdes (Chevron Energy Technology Company), AIChE Fall National Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, www.IP.com IPCOM000169213D, 4-9 Nov 2007.
Large, integrated energy and petrochemical complexes continue to develop world-wide (e.g. Qatar, Australia, Russia). Deployment of ITM technologies within these complexes or as “utility islands” nearby to these complexes can create valuable integration synergies. ITM technologies may deploy toward grass-roots applications or toward the expansion of existing facilities (e.g. Shell Pearl GTL, Qatargas LNG). Another attractive example ITM integration may be toward co-production of CTL products and power generation in China or the United States.
Liquefaction of natural gas to LNG is mature technology and widely deployed around the world today, for example a process using an LNG exchanger supplied by Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. As ITM technologies continue to develop and deploy, it may be expected that ITM facilities may be constructed nearby LNG liquefaction facilities. Valuable synergies are evident between these facilities:
- Considerable value may be derived in an LNG liquefaction process when LNG flash gas may be valuably exported for use (e.g. instead of recycled). ITM processes may provide value-added use for LNG flash gas. LNG flash gas may be used as fuel to ITM pr...