Trends in Licensed Chemical Processes, Worldwide
Publication Date: 2012-May-04
The IP.com Prior Art Database
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"Trends in Licensed Chemical Processes, Worldwide" CatCon '94,26 June 1994
Martin J. Van Sickels &Timothy H. Wasp by
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Good afternoon, Tim Wasp, Kellogg's Manager - Licensed Technology and I are pleased to address this distinguished audience. Our intent today is to briefly tell you about the trends in licensed chemical processes aswe see them from a technology based, contractor's point of view.
2. Global Trends
facilities and by the resources available for the new technology development. In the near term, the building of new facilities will be concentrated in the Far East. To a somewhat lesser extent there will be significant growth in India and parts of Latin America. In these areas, except for Japan, the vast majority of the projects use only demonstrated technology. Licensed technology will be supplied in the form of technology packages specifically tailored to meet the special needs of the user country, e.g. design institutes in China. Further, most of these plants will be built on an EPC, lump sum basis. Because of constraining factors such as financing criteria, political impacts, and severe penalty for failure, there is little or no incentive to be the first in commercializing new technologies. Thus the demand for commercially proven or very near commercially proven technology is of paramount importance in these parts of the world. This type of market, along with budgetary constraints faced by almost all of the chemical industries' leading research and development groups, is slowing the development of new technologies.
Worldwide process licensing trends are being steered by the market for new
with high yields and minimum byproduct formation. Zero byproduct make at least minimizes one portion of the environmental concern thus facilitating environmental permitting that is now rapidly becoming an enforced, worldwide requirement. Further, a single product plant facilitates the marketing structure required for new companies in developing countries.
3.1. Lower Capital Cost - Process Simplicity
There is a clear trend toward making processes a lot less complex. The use of new catalysts generally will result in reduction or elimination of byproduct formation, or permit synthesis in a less corrosive environment, or permit operation at reduced operating temperature and pressure. Thus processes that utilize these catalysts would tend to result in fewer pieces of equipment, permit the use of less costly materials
Rev. 1, 02.7.94
Driving Forces - End-user Needs
End user needs and trends in new technologies appear to be focusing on processes
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of construction and open up the range of competitive suppliers for that key equipment and instrumentation.
3.2. Reduced Environmental Emissions
In the United States, recently enacted federal and state laws to improve air quality,especid€y&e 1990mertdmen& the € k mAir Act, have set theair poHution -
restrictive through the 1990's and beyond, will prompt b...